Milica Denic & Yasutada Sudo (2020). "Donkey anaphora in non-monotonic environments".

Main information:
Full paper in pdf
R script for the main analyses
Experiments 1 and 2 Experiment 3
Results - Exp. 1 Results - Exp. 3
Results - Exp. 2 Design file
Design file

Abstract: Donkey anaphora in quantified sentences is ambiguous between an existential and a universal reading. The extent to which different readings are accessible depends on the quantifier in the sentence, but how to model this dependence is debated (Kanazawa 1994, Champollion et al. 2018). This study advances this debate by providing novel experimental data on the interpretation of donkey anaphora in sentences with non-monotonic quantifiers 'exactly 3' and 'all but one'. We establish that while for both 'exactly 3' and 'all but one' the existential reading is the preferred one, the universal reading is accessed more with 'all but one' than with 'exactly 3'. These results have important implications for both Kanazawa's (1994) and Champollion et al.'s (2018) theories, as both need to be amended to fully capture the empirical picture.

Keywords: donkey anaphora; quantification; indefinites; pronouns; experimental semantics.